Summon or notice by IO to appear before him if failed is offence u/s 174/175 of IPC.

 

Section 174 in The Indian Penal Code
174. Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant.—Whoever, being legally bound to attend in person or by an agent at a certain place and time in obedience to a summons, notice, order or proclamation proceeding from any public servant legally competent, as such public servant, to issue the same, intentionally omits to attend at that place or time, or departs from the place where he is bound to attend before the time at which it is lawful for him to depart, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to five hun­dred rupees, or with both, or, if the summons, notice, order or proclamation is to attend in person or by agent in a Court of Justice, with simple imprison­ment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both. Illustrations
(a) A, being legally bound to appear before the 1[High Court] at Calcutta, in obedience to a subpoena issuing from that Court, intentionally omits to appear. A has committed the offence de­fined in this section.
(b) A, being legally bound to appear before a 176 [District Judge], as a witness, in obedience to a summons issued by that 2[District Judge] intentionally omits to appear. A has committed the offence defined in this section.
———————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

 IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI

+ Crl. M.C. No. 4208/2011 & Crl.M.A. 19453/2011 (stay)

% Decided on: 4th January, 2012

MANEESH GOOMER ….. Petitioner Through: Mr. Sidharth Aggarwal, Mr. Simon

Bengamin, Adv.

versus

STATE ….. Respondent Through: Mr. Manoj Ohri, APP for State with

ASI Satbir Singh PS Farsh Bazar.

Coram:

HON’BLE MS. JUSTICE MUKTA GUPTA

MUKTA GUPTA, J. (ORAL)

1. By the present petition the Petitioner seeks quashing of FIR No. 14/2011 registered under Section 174-A IPC at PS Farsh Bazar.

2. Before adverting to the facts of the case it may be noted that the Petitioner had earlier filed a W.P.(CRL) 412/2011 before this Court with the same prayer seeking quashing of the abovementioned FIR and the proceedings arising therefrom. The said writ petition came up for hearing before this Court on 25th March, 2011 when notice was issued and the Respondent/State was directed to file a reply. The matter was listed on 18th July, 2011 after a status report was filed by the State. On 18 th July, 2011 after the matter was heard, learned counsel for the Petitioner realizing that

Crl.M.C. 4208/2011 Page 1 of 6 the Court was not inclined to grant any relief, sought leave to withdraw the said petition, which was permitted to be withdrawn.

3. On a preliminary issue regarding the maintainability of the present petition posed to the learned counsel for the Petitioner, reliance is placed on Daryao and Ors. Vs. State of U.P. and Ors. AIR 1961 SC 1457 to contend that if a petition is dismissed as withdrawn, it cannot be a bar to a subsequent petition under Article 32 of the Constitution because in such a case there has been no decision on the merits by the Court. No doubt it would not constitute a bar of res-judicata but certainly propriety does not permit the Courts to entertain repeated petitions for the same prayer when the Petitioner as seeing that no relief is being granted, cleverly withdraws the petition.

4. Learned counsel for the Petitioner contends that a complaint under Section 138 Negotiable Instruments Act (in short N.I. Act) was filed against the Petitioner. During the said proceedings summons were not served on the Petitioner and without service of summons, the next process of issuing warrants and non-bailable warrants were resorted to. Even the procedure adopted under Section 82 Cr.P.C. was illegal as the proclamation was not published in the newspaper “The Statesman” as directed by the Court but in another news daily. Further the statutory time of 30 days notice was not adhered to. Moreover, since the Petitioner appeared before the Learned Trial Court in the proceedings under Section 138 of the N.I. Act, the Petitioner was no more an absconder and the process under Section 83 Cr.P.C. was recalled. In view thereof the direction of the Learned Metropolitan Magistrate for registration of FIR under Section 174-A IPC and the continuation thereof is an abuse of the process of the Court and is required to

Crl.M.C. 4208/2011 Page 2 of 6 be quashed to meet the ends of justice. It is also contended that cognizance for an offence punishable under Section 174-A IPC can be taken only on a complaint filed under Section 195 Cr.P.C. and in the absence of a complaint, no cognizance on the charge-sheet could have been taken.

5. Learned APP on the other hand contends that the essential requirement under Section 82(2)(i) Cr.P.C. is of affixation and the requirement under Clause (iii) for publication in the newspaper is not mandatory. Hence in the absence of a proper publication also, if an affixation alone is made the requirement of procedure under Section 82 Cr.P.C. stands satisfied. Even the Learned Trial Court noted satisfaction on the basis of return of process under Section 82 Cr.P.C. by way of affixation and had thus directed registration of FIR under Section 174-A IPC.

6. I have heard learned counsel for the parties. The facts of the present case are that a complaint was filed under Section 138 of the NI Act against the Petitioner. On 20th April, 2008 summons were issued to the Petitioner. As per the record of the Trial Court the process was served on Ms. Seema, wife of the Petitioner. Thereafter again processes were issued, however the Petitioner remained unserved. Thus on 28th July, 2009 the Learned Trial Court issued bailable warrants in the sum of Rs. 3000/- returnable on 9th October, 2009. However, the said process could also not been executed. Since the bailable warrants also could not be executed, the Learned Trial Court issued non-bailable warrants on 9th October, 2009 returnable for 4th December, 2009. Even the non-bailable warrants were received back unexecuted with the report that the accused was hiding himself. Thus, the Learned Trial Court issued process under Section 82 Cr.P.C. against the

Crl.M.C. 4208/2011 Page 3 of 6 Petitioner for 15th April, 2010. It was also directed that the process be issued through publication having circulation in the newspaper “Statesman” and also be given dasti. After the process of Section 82 Cr.P.C. the proclamation under Section 83 Cr.P.C. was issued against the Petitioner vide order dated 29th September, 2010 and the Learned Trial Court directed registration of FIR under Section 174-A IPC.

7. Since coercive actions were taken, the Petitioner settled the matter with the complainant in complaint under Section 138 NI Act and, thus, the said complaint was permitted to be withdrawn vide order dated 16 th October, 2010. Thereafter, the Petitioner moved an application for recalling of the proclamation under Section 83 Cr.P.C. The Learned Metropolitan Magistrate vide order dated 9th march, 2011 recalled the proclamation, since the complaint under Section 138 NI Act had already been withdrawn and the Petitioner had been acquitted therein. The Petitioner thereafter filed a petition being W.P.(CRL) 412/2011 before this Court seeking quashing of the abovementioned FIR. This Court issued notice and after issuing notice, on the next date the learned counsel for the Petitioner after addressing arguments sought leave to withdraw the petition which was permitted. Now the present petition has been filed with a few more grounds.

8. As observed earlier, de-hors the fact that the earlier petition was dismissed as withdrawn this Court had heard the learned counsel for the parties on merits. As regards the contention of the Petitioner that the Petitioner was not served at the right address as Ms. Seema is not the wife of the Petitioner, it may be noted that this is an issue which would have to be adjudicated during trial whether the service was affected on the right person

Crl.M.C. 4208/2011 Page 4 of 6 i.e. on the Petitioner’s wife or not. Merely on the Petitioner’s contending that the process was not affected on his wife, this Court cannot come to the conclusion that there was no service of the summons.

9. As regards the next contention of the Petitioner that for a prosecution under Section 174-A IPC no cognizance can be taken on a charge-sheet but on a complaint under Section 195 Cr.P.C., it may be noted that Section 174- A IPC was introduced in the Code with effect from 23rd June, 2006. Section 195(1) Cr.P.C. provides that no Court shall take cognizance of offences punishable under Section 172 to 188 (both inclusive) of the IPC or of the abatement, or attempt to commit the said offences, except on the complaint in writing of the public servant concerned or of some other public servant to whom he is administratively subordinate. Section 195 Cr.P.C. has not been correspondingly amended so as to include Section 174-A IPC which was brought into the Penal Code with effect from 23rd June, 2006. The Legislature was conscious of this fact and that is why though all other offences under chapter X of the Criminal Procedure Code are non- cognizable, offence punishable under Section 174-A IPC is cognizable. Thus the Police officer on a complaint under Section 174-A IPC is competent to register FIR and after investigation thereon file a charge-sheet before the Court of Magistrate who can take cognizance thereon. Thus, I find no merit in the contention raised by the Learned Counsel for the Petitioner.

10. Adverting to the last contention of the learned counsel for the Petitioner that the process under Section 82 Cr.P.C. was illegal as the proclamation was not in the newspaper as directed by the Court but in the

Crl.M.C. 4208/2011 Page 5 of 6 other newspaper, it may be noted that Section 82(2) Cr.P.C. provides for the procedure for publishing the proclamation. Clause (i) of Sub-Section (2) is mandatory in nature as it directs that the proclamation shall be publically read in some conspicuous place of the town in which the person ordinarily resides, shall be affixed in some conspicuous place of the house in which the person ordinarily resides, and shall be affixed in some conspicuous part of the Court- house. However, Clause (ii) of Section 82(2) Cr.P.C. is not mandatory and it states that the Court may also if it thinks fit direct a copy of the proclamation to be published in a daily newspaper circulated in the place in which such person ordinarily resides. Since Clause (ii) is not mandatory in nature, the non-adherence to the strict compliance thereon will not vitiate the process under Section 82 Cr.P.C. The abovementioned FIR for offence punishable under Section 174-A IPC is an independent cause of action and merely because the complaint case under Section 138 NI Act is settled, there is no reason that the abovementioned FIR be also quashed.

11. The present petition and application are clearly an abuse of the process of the Court by the Petitioner. Hence the same are dismissed with a cost of Rs. 5000/- to be paid to the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee by the Petitioner within two weeks.

(MUKTA GUPTA)

JUDGE

JANUARY 4, 2012

 

Section 175 in The Indian Penal Code
175. Omission to produce 1[document or electronic record] to public servant by person legally bound to produce it.—Whoever, being legally bound to produce or deliver up any 1[document or electronic record] of any public servant, as such, intentionally omits so to produce or deliver up the same, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to five hun­dred rupees, or with both, or, if the 1[document or electronic record] is to be produced or delivered up to a Court of Justice, with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both. Illustration A, being legally bound to produce a document before a [District Court], intentionally omits to produce the same. A has committed the offence defined in this section.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: