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cancellation of bail in dowry cases.

IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI
Date of Reserve: 27th January, 2011
Date of Order: February 14, 2011
+ Crl. MC No. 2462/2010
% 14.02.2011 Nitika Gauba …Petitioner Versus
State & Ors. …Respondents Counsels:
Mr. M.S. Yadav for petitioner.
Mr. Sunil Sharma, APP for State/respondent.
JUSTICE SHIV NARAYAN DHINGRA
1. Whether reporters of local papers may be allowed to see the judgment?
2. To be referred to the reporter or not?
3. Whether judgment should be reported in Digest?
ORDER
1. This application has been preferred by the petitioner for cancellation of anticipatory bail granted to the
Asha Gauba (mother-in-law), Kanika Gauba (nanad) and Shiv Kumar Gauba (Taya) on the ground that the
learned ASJ while granting anticipatory bail had not appreciated the facts correctly. The respondent no.2 is the
widowed mother in law of complainant, respondent no.3 is unmarried sister in law(husband’s sister) of the
complainant and respondent no.4 is the elder brother of deceased husband of respondent no.2 (Taya Sasur).
2. In the complaint, the applicant had made allegations against the husband and these three respondents for
harassing her for dowry. The learned ASJ while granting bail to them had considered that mother in law of
complainant was a government servant in Ministry of Railways and was aged around 50 years. The
respondent no.4 Taya Sasur was aged around 70 years and respondent no.3 was an unmarried sister of
respondent Crl.MC 2462/2010 Page 1 Of 3 no.2. The learned ASJ observed that he had perused the police file
and without commenting upon the merits or otherwise of the allegations, considered that no useful purpose
was likely to be served by directing the investigating officer to arrest these three persons for the purpose of
investigation and he therefore granted anticipatory bail to them.
3. In the grounds for cancellation of anticipatory bail, it is stated that the husband of the petitioner played
fraud upon the petitioner. While petitioner and husband were living under the same roof, he filed a divorce
petition against the petitioner without information of the petitioner and even after filing divorce petition, he
continued to maintain physical and sexual relations with her. The respondents no.2, 3 and 4 were having
knowledge of this act of the husband of the petitioner. The husband in order to blackmail her and to disrepute
her took vulgar snaps of her to force her to withdraw the petition. She also alleged that she was badly beaten
up by mother in law, nanad. Even servant of respondent no.2 gave her merciless beatings. Her husband
Nitika Gauba vs State & Ors. on 14 February, 2011

hatched up a criminal conspiracy of criminal assault on her on 25th April 2010 and she had to be taken to
DDU Hospital by the police where her MLC was prepared.
4. For cancellation of bail, the court must have strong reasons. In the present case, the bail was granted by the
trial court looking into the nature of allegations. In cases of matrimonial discord Section 498A/406 IPC are
invariably invoked against every family member of husband, it becomes very difficult for the trial court to
assess the truth of the allegations made by the complainant. Normally every complainant ropes in all relatives
including the remote relatives living far away from the matrimonial home making stereotyped and similar
allegations against everybody. This tendency of roping in every known relative including the minors in
offences under Section 498A/406 IPC etc has in fact made these provisions introduced in Indian Penal Code,
to prevent cruelty upon women, blunt. The gross misuse of these provisions for roping in every known
relatives Crl.MC 2462/2010 Page 2 Of 3 of the husband poses a grave problem for the courts during trial and
while deciding bail applications. Only oral statement of complainant and her parents is there in respect of
cruelty and dowry demand, and normally there is no agreed list of articles given at the time of marriage
Dowry Prohibition Act proved futile to bring to an end to the evil of dowry for this reason. Mere oral
allegations of giving huge dowry without substantiating these allegations by bills of purchase of the articles or
list prepared at the time of marriage and signed by both the parties cannot be given credence. Even those
people, who have meager salaries or are hand to mouth, claim of giving huge amounts at the time of marriage.
It is in the interest of both the parties that a list of dowry articles should be prepared by the parties at the time
of marriage duly signed by both the parties. Though in this way, the evil of dowry cannot be curbed but it
would curb the tendency of making astronomical claims later on just to rope in every member of the family of
in laws as a criminal.
5. In the present case, there is no corroboration of the oral allegations of the applicant. I find no reason to
cancel the anticipatory bail granted to the respondents no.2 to 4 when there are no allegations of misuse of the
bail on their part. The application for cancellation of bail is hereby dismissed

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