guideline to deal with rape cases in Delhi by High Court of Delhi.


W.P.(CRL) 696/2008


Through Ms. Aparna Bhat, Ms. Madhulika Mohta,



DELHI POLICE ——–Respondent

Through Ms. Mukta Gupta, Standing Counsel for the





  1. 4.2009

Pursuant to the order dated 10.9.2008, Delhi Commission for

Women has filed draft guidelines to enable the authorities to

effectively tackle sexual offences including incest and child sexual

abuse offences. The guidelines have been prepared in consultation

with all departments, police and the judges of Delhi Higher Judicial

Service. A modified draft has also been placed on record keeping in

view of the suggestions made by the State as well as the Registry of

the High Court. Having considered the modified draft and also the

submissions made at the Bar, we issue the following guidelines to

police, hospitals/ doctors, Child Welfare Committees, Sessions Court, Magistrate Courts, Prosecutors and other concerned authorities. The

guidelines enumerated hereinafter shall be read in the context of the

following definitions:

“a. “Crises Intervention Centre” means a recognized agency,

appointed by the Delhi Police and the Delhi Commission for Women for

responding to calls of sexual assault at t6he police station to provide

counseling and other support services to victims of rape;

b. “Expert” means a person who is qualified and has experience

in dealing with cases of sexual violence;

c. “Guardian” includes besides the natural guardian, support

person or any person appointed by the Child Welfare

Committee for a specified period to take care of the victim

during the pendency of the trial;

d. “Rape Crises Cell” means a cell established under the Delhi

Commission for Women to provide legal assistance in the

cases of sexual assault who would coordinate the Crises

Intervention Centres and provide legal support to the victim

and her family;

e. “Support Person” means a person working in the capacity of a

counselor working with a recognized and registered crises

intervention centres, approved by the Delhi Commission for

Women; f. The expression “offence for the purpose of these guidelines

shall mean and include offences of rape, attempt to rate and

unnatural offences.


a. Every Police Station shall have available round the clock a lady

police official/ officer not below the rank of Head Constable.

b. As soon as a complaint of the offence is received, the duty

officer receiving the complaint/ information shall call the lady

police official/ officer present at the police station and make the

victim and her family comfortable.

c. The duty officer, immediately, upon receipt of the complaint/

information intimate to the “Rape Crises Cell” on its notified

helpline number.

d. After making preliminary inquiry/ investigation, the Investigation

Officer along with the lady police official/ officer available, escort

the victim for medical examination.

e. The Assistant Commissioner of Police shall personally supervise

all investigation into the office.

f. The statement of victim shall be recorded in private, however,

the presence of family members while recording statement may

be permitted with a view to make the victim comfortable. In incest cases where there is a suspicion of complicity of the family

members in the crime such family members should not be

g. The Investigating Officer shall bring the cases related to “child in

need of care and protection” and the child victim involving in

incest cases to the Child Welfare Committee.

h. The accused should not be brought in the presence of victim

except for identification

i. Except the offences which are reported during the night no

victim of sexual offence shall be called or made to stay in the

police station during night hours. The Social Welfare

Department of the Government of NCT of Delhi shall ensure that

Superintendents of the Foster Hose for Women will provide

necessary shelter till formal orders are secured from the

concerned authorities.

j. The Investigating Officer shall endeavor to complete the

Investigation at the earliest and he shall ensure that in no case

the accused gets the undue advantage of bail by default as per

the provisions of Section 167 Cr.P.C. It is desirable that in cases

of incest the report under Section 173 Cr.P.C. is filed within 30

days. k. Periodically training to deal with rape cases should be provided

to the police officers, juvenile police officers, Welfare Officers,

Probationary Officers and Support persons. A Training Module

be prepared in consultation with the Delhi judicial Academy.

l. The Police should provide information to the Rape Crisis Cell

regarding the case including the arrest and bail application of the

accused, the date of filling of the investigation report before the


m. The Police should keep the permanent address of the victim in

their file in addition to the present address. They should advise

the victim to inform them about the change of address in future.

n. Subject to the outcome of the W.P.(C) 2596/2007 titled Rajeev

Mohan Vs. State, pending before this Hon’ble Court in cases

where the victim informs the police about any threats received

by the accused family, the concerned DCP should consider the

matter and fresh FIR must be registered under Section 506 of

the Indian Penal Code.


a. Special rooms to be set up in all government hospitals for

victims to be examined and questioned in privacy. b. A sexual assault evidence collection kit or sexual assault

forensic evidence (SAFE) kit consisting of a set of items used by

medical personnel for gathering and preserving physical evidence

following a sexual assault should be available with all the

Government Hospitals. A sexual assault evidence collection kit

should contain commonly available examination tools such as:

  • Detailed instructions for the examiner
  • Forms for documentation
  • Tube for blood sample
  • Urine sample container
  • Paper bags for clothing collection
  • Large sheet of paper for patient to undress over
  • Cotton swabs for biological evidence collection
  • Sterile water
  • Glass slides
  • Unwaxed dental floss
  • Wooden stick for fingernail scrapings
  • Envelopes or boxes for individual evidence samples
  • Labels

Other items needed for a forensic/ medical exam and treatment

that may be included in the rape kit are: • Woods lamp

  • Toluidine blue dye
  • Drying rack for wet swabs and/or clothing
  • Patient gown, cover sheet, blanket, pillow
  • Needles/ syringes for blood drawing
  • Speculums
  • Post-it Notes used to collect trace evidence
  • Camera (35 mm, digital, or Polaroid) film, batteries.
  • Medscope and/ or colcoscope
  • Microscope
  • Surgilube
  • Acetic acid diluted spray
  • Medications
  • Clean clothing and shower/ hygiene items for the victims

use after the examination

c. A detailed description of “Assault/ Abuse History” be

mentioned by the attending doctor on the MLC of the victim;

The doctor must ensure that the complete narration of the

history of the case detailed by the victim and her escort is

d. After the examination is complete the victim should be

permitted to wash up using toiletries provided by the hospital. The hospital should also have clothing to put on if her own

clothing is taken as evidence.

e. All hospitals should co-operate with the police and preserve

the samples likely to putrefy in their pathological facility till

such time the police are able to complete their paper work for

dispatch to forensic lab test including DNA.


a) In cases of incest and child in need of care and protection,

the Child Welfare Committee shall examine the victim to

ascertain the nature of support she is getting from her

family and initiate steps for ensuring best interest of the

child. In such cases the Child Welfare Committee shall

conduct a home study to assess and ensure the safety of

the victim;

b) In cases where the child is placed in the shelter, the

Committee shall monitor the condition of the victim

c) In cases of incest, while the victim stays in the foster

home the family members should be allowed to meet the

victim only in the presence of the support person and care

be taken by the staff of the home that the meeting be not used to pressurize/ influence the victim to change for

d) Child Welfare Committee shall ensure that rehabilitation

facilities are provided to the victim in appropriate cases.

In cases of a prolonged stay, the victim should be given

educational and vocational training in order to enable the

victim to support herself after she leaves the foster home.

The Social Welfare Department and Child Welfare

Committee will develop and implement Foster Care

Services within two months.

e) Before passing any order of restoration of custody of child

to the family, the Child Welfare Committee shall conduct

an inquiry to assess the suitability of the victim being

restored to the family. The custody of the child will be

altered by the Child Welfare Committee only after

consultation with the stakeholders;

f) Child Welfare Committee shall ensure that the victim Is

provided with necessary medical and psychological aid

during her stay in foster home for the purpose of her

rehabilitation; g) Child Welfare Committee shall maintain a list of all registered

Foster Homes providing residential support, special services and

rehabilitation facilities to the victim.


a) In cases where the child is placed in a shelter following the

orders of the Child Welfare Committee or a Metropolitan Magistrate,

the application seeking custody of the child made by the

parents/relatives of the victim should not be acceded to till such time,

the Public Prosecutor gets the status of the applicants verified with the

Rape Crisis Cell and also call for the records of the Child Welfare

Committee if it is not available.


a) The Magistrate unless there are compelling reasons shall record

the statement of the victim under Section 164 Cr.P.C. on the day on

which the application is moved by the Investigating Officer. The

Magistrate before proceeding to record the statement shall ensure that

the child is made comfortable and she is free from any extraneous

b) An endeavour shall be made to commit such cases of offence to

the Court of Sessions expeditiously and preferably within 15 days.

c) The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Delhi Domestic Working Women

Forum Vs Union of India, 1995 (1) SCC 14 and reiterated by this

Hon’ble Court in Khem Chand Vs State of Delhi 2008 (4) JCC 2 497

had directed that the victim be provided with a counsel. The existing

practice of the victims being represented by a counsel from Rape Crisis

Cell may continue. In cases where the victim has a private lawyer,

she may be allowed to retain the private lawyer.

d) That as far as possible chief examination and cross examination

of the victim must be conducted on the same day;

e) The Additional Session Judge/District Judge shall maintain a

panel of psychiatrists, psychologists and experts in sign language etc.,

who would assist in recording the statement of witnesses as and when

requested by the Sessions Courts.

f) If it is brought to the notice of the Court from a support

person/Rape Crisis Cell Advocate/victim, regarding threats received by

the victim or her family members to compromise the matter, the judge

shall immediately direct the ACP to look into the matter and provide an

action taken report before the Court within 2 days. The Court must

ensure that protection is provided to the victim and her family.

g) In cases in which the witness is sent back unexamined and is

bound down, the Court shall ensure that at least the traveling

expenses for coming to and from for attending the Court are paid.


a) A 24 hour helpline that can be contacted by the victims, police or

any member of the public will be created. The Commission shall notify

and widely publish its existing telephone number and that number will

be used till such time a toll-free number is made available.

b) The Rape Crisis Cell will have with them accredited support

services for shelter, social workers, counselors, mental health

professional, lawyers;

c) The list of these accredited support services will be provided to

the Prosecution Branch, the Commissioner of Police as well as to the

Registrar of this Hon’ble Court;”

2. The Commission shall prepare a brochure which will contain

these guidelines along with summary and directions passed by the

Supreme Court and this Court in Delhi Domestic Working Women’s

Forum Vs Union of India 1995 (1) SCC 14, Sakshi Vs Union of India

(2004) 5 SCC 518, Chairman Railway Board Vs Chandrima Das

(2000) 2 SCC 465 Sheeba Abidi Vs State & Anr. 113 (2004) DLT

125, Khem Chand Vs State of Delhi, 2008 (4) JCC 2,497, X(Ms.) Vs

State of NCT and Anr 149 (2008) DLT 194. The brochure shall be

prepared in consultation with the Registrar General of this Court and

learned Standing Counsel for the State Government so that it may be

circulated to all the departments/police/courts/ Child Welfare Committees/Hospitals/doctors/prosecutors to enable effective

implementation of the guidelines.

3. The brochure shall be maintained and kept with all the agencies/

authorities dealing with the victims of sexual assault and the

guidelines contained therein shall be strictly followed and

4. A copy of this order shall be circulated to all the Delhi

Government hospitals/Central Government hospitals and MCD

hospitals for enforcement of the guidelines and directions contained in

part II of the guidelines. The concerned Medical Superintendents of

the respective hospitals shall submit an action taken report to the

Registrar General of this Court within a period of two months. In so

far as the Child Welfare Committees are concerned, they shall file

quarterly action taken report(s) to the juvenile Justice Committee of

Delhi High Court.

5. Women’s Commission shall prepare a training module for

training of police officers, juvenile police officers, welfare officers,

probationary officers and support persons in consultation with the

Delhi Judicial Academy. The Principal, Police Training College, Delhi

shall hold periodical training programmes and ensure that all

concerned persons undergo training/sensitization programme in one

6. Learned Standing Counsel for the State Ms. Mukta Gupta states

that the draft rules for the foster care services have been prepared

and the rules will be notified within a period of two months from today. 7. We are informed by the counsel for Delhi Women Commission

that pursuant to the directions issued by the Supreme Court in Delhi

Domestic Working Women’s Forum Vs Union of India (Supra)

the Commission has submitted a draft scheme to the Delhi

Government for payment of compensation to victims of rape which is

under consideration of the State Government. The State Government

is directed to consider the draft scheme submitted by the Commission

and file a status report in this Court within a period of two months.

List on 29th July, 2009 for further directions.




APRIL 23, 2009